Info and Advice

Basic Wound Care

There is nothing more ghastly than to see your beloved horse with a severe laceration. Unfortunately it is an experience that most horse owners have been through. Horses are notorious for injuring their legs. The approach taken in caring for the wound can have a significant influence on the outcome and the prognosis for a healthy horse.

Horses have very bony legs compared to humans. We humans have muscles and a good blood supply down to our toes, but horses do not. The legs of a horse are literally made up of skin, bone and other soft tissue but no muscle. Injuries to these areas are often severe and usually heal quite slowly. This is due to the poor blood supply and the lack of protection that the muscle provides. The blood supply aids in the eradication of infection and the rate and quality of the wound repair.

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The first vaccine used was back in 1796 to help prevent the disease cow pox. Vaccines have now become an important part of preventing a large number of diseases in many animals especially the horse. The vaccine consists of a part of the biological agent and this is created into a preparation that won’t cause the disease. Therefore it is inactive. This preparation is usually injected into the body of the individual to stimulate the immune system to recognise and hence attack the disease if it were to ever enter the body unannounced.

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Is my horse long in the tooth?

As most people are aware a horses teeth continue to grow throughout life. This is the basis of the expression ‘long in the tooth’. A horse’s natural diet contains a lot of roughage which helps to grind the horses tooth down. However, as a horse’s diet has changed and their average life span has increased, more care is required to maintain the health of their teeth. Sharp teeth can result in ulcers, quidding (dropping food when eating), excessive salivation, tossing the head when ridden, etc.

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